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Five Action Steps to Address Maternal Depression in Head Start Programs

Depressed

1. Identify families in need of support through validated screening tools

There are a number of valid and reliable screening tools to help Head Start programs identify families who may be experiencing depressive symptoms. Below we have listed some of the most commonly used tools. Many of these tools are available for free. There is also a PDF version of this list that can be downloaded to share with others. Remember to review the screenings completed for children of parents experiencing, since depression can affect their social and emotional development too!

Back to Maternal Depression

Resources

Screening Tool

Completed or Administered by

Primary Audience

No of Items/ Completion Time

Tools available at no cost

Patient Health Questionnaire- 2
(PHQ-2)

Completed by patient or administered by a clinician

Screens for depressive symptomatology in the general population

2 items, Less than 1 minute

Patient Health Questionnaire- 9
(PHQ-9)

Completed  by patient

Measures depressive symptomatology in the general population

9 items, 5-10 minutes

Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

Completed bypatient

Measures depressive symptomatology in postnatal women

10 items, 5-10 minutes

Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
(CES-D)

Completed  by patient

Measures depressive symptomatology in the general population

20 items, 5-10 minutes

Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression                 (HAM-D)

Administered  by clinician

Measures depressive symptomatology in the general population

21 items, 15-20 minutes

Tools available through purchase from the publisher

Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) Fast Screen for Medical Patients

Completed  by patient

Measures depressive symptomatology in the general population, designed for medical patients

7 items, less than five minutes

Postpartum Depression Screening Scale
(PDSS)

Completed  by patient

Measures depressive symptomatology in postnatal women

35 items, 5-10 minutes

 


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